sub-theme D

Session Description

Sub-theme D: Enhancing Knowledge of Cross-cutting and Emerging Issues

D18: Ocean Observations, data and information management in the Indo-Pacific: Major Advances and Challenges


Ting Yu,
National Marine Data and Information Service, SOA, China

Vyacheslav Lobanov,
V.I.Il'ichev Pacific Oceanological Institute, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

Chunlin Ning,
First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China
The in-situ observation plays the key role in better understanding the local climate and marine environment. With the advancing of sensor and observational technology, new horizons for future ocean observations are opening out. Effective and operable data and information management will be essential for the attainment of on-going programs’ goals and support all levels of ocean governance and management.
This combined Session aims to
-      review the various platforms based observations over the Western Pacific to the eastern Indian Ocean, high technologies involved, and new equipment and sensors adopted during in-situ observation;
-    share the experience and lessons learned from a wide range of observations, provide communication bridge between observation staffs and scientists as well as the equipment companies, seek the opportunity for joint observations among WESTPAC members, and improve the data acquisition ability;
-      review the progress on ocean standards and best practice related to the data processing and QC; exchange view and discuss about future direction of oceanographic data and information management and service in the region. 
D19: Ocean and Climate Model Development and Applications

Fangli Qiao,
First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China

Chan Joo Jang,
Korean Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Republic of Korea

Fredolin Tangang,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia

Mohd Fadzil Mohd Akhir,
Institute of Oceanography and Environment, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia
Ocean and climate models are key tools in management of marine resources and mitigation of marine hazard, forecast of typhoon and prediction of climate. In this session, to identify challenges and advances in ocean and climate models, we encourage scientists to submit their works related to development of ocean and climate model, operational ocean forecasting system, model validation, data assimilation, and different kinds of applications including dynamic research based on models. Downscaling of climate model to regional scale, parameterization of ocean mixing and air-sea interaction, typhoon model development and prediction on Monsoon are especially welcomed.
D20: Blue Economy, Renewable Energy and Science Policy and Governance

Nor Aieni Haji Mokhtar,
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia

Weiling Song,
National Marine Data and Information Service, SOA, China

This combined session is on the topics related to Blue Economy, Marine Renewable Energy and Ocean Science Policy and Governance from its present conceptual, technological research and practices, data and information management and technology transfer to the overarching ideas on policies that will address the Sustainable Development Goals. This will relate to the wise management of critical emerging issues of multi-disciplinary nature of ocean governance and complexity of implementation in the context of Blue Economy. Blue economy emerges when economic activity is in balance with the long-term capacity of ocean ecosystems and resources management to support this activity and remain resilient and healthy. Although progress for Marine Renewable Energy is underway through deployment and testing of limited prototypes or Pilot Projects in the Indo-Western Pacific, there are still key scientific challenges to be addressed in Blue Growth areas including resource assessment and predictability, site suitability, engineering design and manufacturability, installation, operation and maintenance, survivability, reliability and cost reduction. Many scientific advances are required to meet these challenges, and their likelihood is explored based on current and future capabilities. Science-policy interfaces are as important for marine resource governance as in any other natural resource governance, and may be more challenging than most because of the trans-boundary nature of many ocean resources. This interesting session seeks to address key issues and challenges in bridging the scientific research and public policy regarding the sustainable governing of the ocean.
D21: Coastal Ecosystem Services and Marine Social-economic Analysis with the Future Earth / SIMSEA

Shang Chen,
First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China

Annadel Cabanban,
Sustainability Initiative in the Marginal  Seas of South and East Asia Regional Program

Mitsutaku Makino,
Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency, Japan

Tukul Rameyo Adi,
Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Indonesia
Coastal and marine ecosystem services provide socio-economic benefits to human populations in the marginal seas in the West Pacific region. The knowledge, value, and conservation of the ecosystem services to society are the core tasks and principal objectives of marine ecosystem management.  This session, jointly organized with the Future Earth/SIMSEA, will contribute to greater understanding of the social and economic dimensions of the Western Pacific ecosystem as well as important inputs to marine ecosystem management in Western Pacific countries. The goals of this session are: (1) to provide a venue for natural and social scientists to exchange their results and ideas; (2) to promote interdisciplinary socio-economic research in the marginal seas of South and East Asia; and (2) to provide scientists around the Western Pacific an opportunity to discuss collaboration on scientific projects. Abstracts on marine ecosystem services and marine social-economic analysis are welcomed.
D22: Marine Scientific Advances and Knowledge Gap in the South China Sea

Zulfigar Yasin,
School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

Aileen Tan Shau Hwai,
School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

Yue Fang,
First Institute of Oceanography, SOA, China
The South China Sea is bordered by many maritime nations and is host to many important habitats and a wide diversity of life. This spans the coastal areas, the continental slopes and the deep seas. Although there has been advances into research on the area there are still huge gaps in information required for the understanding and wise use of the South China Sea. The aim of this session is to discover and discern these gaps and share recent advances in scientific research of the South China Sea. It is hoped that participants to the session can contribute to the way ahead for the research here, provide suggestions for cooperative studies on a large scale beyond national boundaries or even extend existing marine science programmes to include the South China Sea.

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